Women organized a campaign of tax resistance inspired by the Boston Tea Party Centennial on December 16, 1873. The New York State Woman Suffrage Association called a mass meeting inviting the tax-paying women of New York to protest "against the tyranny of taxation without representation." The call read:
"One hundred years ago our ancestors precipitated a rebellion by refusing to pay a tax on Tea, imposed against their will. At the end of a century 20,000,000 of their daughters are suffering precisely the same wrong; taxation without representation; and it behooves us as their descendants to demand that the freedom for which our forefathers struggled shall be given to us also!"
Matilda Joslyn Gage reminded her audience at the convention that the original tax protesters had been the revolutionary mothers, not the fathers – brave women who led the way for the famous Tea Party in Boston Harbor which had precipitated the rebellion against English rule. Matilda Joslyn Gage, Susan B. Anthony, and Lillie Devereux Blake addressed the Judiciary Committee of the New York State Legislature, requesting a bill exempting all women from the payment of taxes until given the vote.