Buffalo was a main hub of transportation in the early 20th century and had many railway stops. The New York Central Railroad decided to build a central station in Buffalo to relieve the congestion from the smaller city stations. The Buffalo Central Terminal was completed in 1929 with a distinctive art deco architecture style. With the popularity of automobiles and population decline in the region, the Central Terminal closed in 1979. It is currently owned by a non-profit preservation group.