Items in New York Heritage are organized into collections, which provide additional context for understanding their significance and meaning.

Charles Rand Penney was a prominent collector. The Charles Rand Penney Trail unites his collections of Pan-American Exposition souvenirs, Papua New Guinea artifacts, Niagara County historical items, Larkin Company ephemera, and Niagara Falls artwork.
This collection contains documents and images of sheet music that was played during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.