Items in New York Heritage are organized into collections, which provide additional context for understanding their significance and meaning.

Charles Rand Penney was a prominent collector. The Charles Rand Penney Trail unites his collections of Pan-American Exposition souvenirs, Papua New Guinea artifacts, Niagara County historical items, Larkin Company ephemera, and Niagara Falls artwork.
A large collection of photographs and postcards showing individuals and places of interest associated with Colton, New York over a roughly 150 year period.